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      5 Surprising Benefits of CBD Oil That You Should Know

      Benefits of CBD Oil

      CBD or Cannabidiol is a product that is derived from the cannabis plant and one of the hundred chemical compounds known as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are chemicals that are naturally found in marijuana plants. Even though it comes from these plants, CBD does not create any form of intoxication caused by another cannabinoid, familiar as THC. 

      Made by extracting CBD, it is gaining popularity in the health and wellness world day by day. Do you want to know about the benefits of using CBD oil? Read on - 

    • Relieves Anxiety 

    • By changing how your brain receptors respond to serotonin, an important chemical linked to mental health, CBD helps manage anxiety. Receptors are small proteins that are attached to your cells, which receive chemical messages. And then it helps your cells respond to complex stimuli. According to a study, 600 mg dose of CBD helped people suffering from social anxiety give a speech. And other studies that are done on animals show that CBD may help relieve anxiety by 

      • Decreasing stress 
      • Lowering physical effects of anxiety 
      • Improving post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
      • Inducing sleep in case of insomnia 

    • Neuroprotective 

    • Researchers are in search of a receptor located in the brain to know the ways that CBD could help people, suffering from neurodegenerative disorders. These are the diseases, which cause the brain and nerves to deteriorate with time. And the receptor is called CB1. 

      They are studying the use of CBD oil or hemp oil for treating - 

      • Alzheimer's diseases
      • Multiple sclerosis 
      • Parkinson's diseases
      • Stroke 

      This oil can lower inflammation which can make neurodegenerative symptoms worse. More research is needed to understand the impact of this oil on treating neurodegenerative diseases.

    • Relieves pain 

    • The effects of CBD oil on the receptor of your brain also help lower pain. According to studies, cannabis can offer some benefits when one takes it after chemotherapy treatment. Other pre chemical studies of the National Institutes of Health are looking at the role of cannabis in relieving symptoms caused by 

      • Arthritis 
      • Chronic pain 
      • Muscle pain
      • MS pain
      • Spinal cord injuries 
    • Reduces Acne
    •  

      CBD hemp oil lowers overall inflammation in the body. In turn, by preventing activity in sebaceous glands, this oil can lower or removes acne. These glands are responsible for causing sebum, an oily substance that hydrates the skin and causes pimples. 

      But before you consider using this oil for treating acne, it is better to take advice from a dermatologist. But more studies can evaluate the benefits of this for treating acne. 

    • Prevents cancer cell growth 

    • Some studies found that CBD plays an important role in preventing cancer cell growth. However, as the research is in the early stages, nothing can be said in a definite way. According to the National Cancer Institute, CBD can help alleviate cancer symptoms and the side effects of cancer treatment. 

      Although the action of CBD is promising, NCI does not promote any form of cannabis to treat this deadly disease. CBD has the effect of reducing the ability of some types of tumour cells to reproduce. 

      Are there any side effects of CBD oil? 

      Generally, this oil does not have any significant side effects. But the minimal effects include - 

      • Hallucinations
      • Dizziness
      • Depression
      • Low blood pressure
      • Withdrawal symptoms 
      • and more 

      CBD is a beneficial oil and using it is completely legal in India. Do you want to use this oil to get rid of some health issues or for some other reasons? Go for it. From where to get? CBD Store is there to meet your needs. 

      We are India's premier CBD and Vijaya extract store that offers a wide array of products at affordable prices. Whatever your need for CBD oil is, fulfil it with us. We offer doorstep delivery for all our products. Order it now! 

      CBD Hemp Oil: Get Your Athletes Recover Faster

      CBD Hemp Oil

      The biggest imped factor in meeting your goals, whether you’re like most athletes or not, is recovery time. Overall, you can use your willpower to eat healthy food and train more vigorously, but you can’t make your body regenerate quicker. Here’s where CBD Store’s Hemp Oil comes in.

      How is Hemp oil essential for the sake of athletic performance?

      We get exactly what you’re saying. Isn’t hemp oil made from cannabis, the same plant that produces Marijuana? Isn’t that the last thing an athlete who is struggling to stay on top of his game wants? Well, frankly speaking, no, let’s take a look as to why it is different from Marijuana.

      Marijuana vs. Hemp

      So, first and foremost, let’s clear up a misunderstanding:

       and Marijuana are not the same things! Despite the fact that they belong to the same family (cannabis), their chemical composition is vastly different. THC, the psychoactive component of Marijuana, is nearly non-existent in Hemp. In fact, CBD hemp oil with less than 0.3 percent THC is not called Marijuana. Most Hemp, on the other hand, is rich in CBD, a compound that encourages a safe inflammatory response to daily demands and can help with muscle aches and pains caused by exercise. As a result, CBD hemp oil could be one of the most powerful supplements for athletes.

      What Is CBD Hemp Oil and How Does It Work?

      An endocannabinoid mechanism (or ECS for short) is built into the body by default. The ECS is in control of a lot of aspects of your body, like how you feel after a strenuous workout. How does it control? The reason that helps ECS to achieve this is Cannabinoids. These compounds bind to your cells’ cannabinoid receptors in the same way as a lock does to a door. When a cannabinoid attaches to a receptor, it will instruct the cell what to do, such as assisting in the regeneration of the body during a workout!

      Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids formed by your body. Can you guess what else has cannabinoids in it? Cannabis! These phytocannabinoids (plant-based cannabinoids) have a similar effect on the cells’ receptors. As a result, cannabis extracts can help to reduce the pain associated with natural daily inflammation, such as that induced by exercises.

      Impact of CBD Hemp Oil on people

      Medical cannabis has been shown in two human trials to substantially alleviate physical pain associated with daily life. CBD hemp oil is a cannabis extract containing more than 20% CBD, Hemp’s most potent and medicinal constituent. It could be exactly what players need to get back into the game faster.

      Top 3 Ways How CBD Hemp Oil Helps In Acne Reduction Due To Hormones

      CBD hemp oil in acne

      Hormone fluctuations affect people at various stages of life. Puberty, which occurs between the ages of 10 and 15 in females and 12 and 17 in males, is one of the most significant hormonal shifts. Adults, on the other hand, can develop acne as a result of hormonal changes. When a woman is pregnant or has recently given birth, her hormones change quickly. Women experience a cascade of hormone changes around the time of menopause. You don't have to suffer or use harsh chemicals on your skin if these life events have caused acne breakouts. Here are three ways by CBD Store’s Hemp Oil can aid in the reduction of acne flare-ups caused by fluctuating hormone levels.

      Hemp Oil helps with the reduction of Sebum Production

      Hemp Oil applied topically may help reduce acne breakouts by regulating the amount of sebum produced by your body. Sebum is made up of a combination of oily and waxy substances. Your pores become clogged when your body has too much of it. Sebum production increases during pregnancy and menopause. Some women believe that their acne attacks are as severe as they were when they were teens. Topical Hemp Oil decreases sebum output in the body, which means it can help you prevent acne breakouts on your face, back, arms, shoulders, and other oily-buildup-prone areas.

      Hemp Oil helps in reducing inflammation.

      The body produces more cytokines during periods of hormonal transition. These compounds cause a lot of inflammation all over the body. Oil, wax, and dirt can't escape when the skin and pores are inflamed. Acne develops as a result of the trapped oils. The acne that results from this inflammation is generally deep, scarring acne that leaves pockmarks. Hemp Oil added to inflamed skin can help to minimize inflammation and cytokine production in the body.

      Hemp Oil comes with Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties

      Hemp Oil has been discovered to have strong antibacterial and antifungal effects by researchers. Bacteria and fungi in the atmosphere are continuously present on your skin. Many bacteria strains can survive on the skin without causing infection, but you can quickly pick up a form of bacteria that causes infections.

      It's possible to catch a bacterial infection from skin-to-skin contact with people or pets, which may cause acne or exacerbate an ongoing epidemic. Many pregnant women undergo reduced immunity, which is part of nature's effort to shield a growing embryo from rejection by the mother's body. Immunity decreases with age, so older women may have a more challenging time removing a bacterial or fungal infection than younger women. Hemp Oil may be used as a natural cleanser to cure bacteria that cause fresh acne or exacerbate chronic acne.

      Choosing The Best Carrier Oil For CBD

      Best Carrier Oil For CBD

      It can be quick to get lost when attempting to leverage the wholesome advantages of cannabidiol to your advantage with those just starting with CBD tinctures. Many carrier oils will come with CBD products, and it can be overwhelming to determine which ingredient list is preferred.

      The carrier oil involved will make all the difference whether you are looking to produce a homemade soothing tincture using CBD oil or isolates. You are trying to determine which CBD skincare product would fit better on your skin. The natural chemical structure of different carrier oils has multiple advantages and influences how easily CBD is incorporated into your bloodstream.

      What does carrier oil mean?

      A carrier oil also referred to as base oil, is a plant-based oil that is sufficiently close to human skin oils to "carry" into the body CBD molecules of essential oils. Carrier oils, including smoking or sublingual drops, are a distribution strategy for CBD.

      Used mainly in tinctures or balms, carrier oils serve as a solvent to remove CBD to make it easier to absorb through your skin, and you can find the best way to maximize the strength of CBD by recognizing the advantages of each liquid.

       

      What are the various types of carrier oil?

      You will have to remember their constituent fatty acids when picking the carrier oil; this affects the bioavailability of CBD, the percentage of administered CBD that reaches the bloodstream to have an active effect. The higher the absorption rate, the better the bloodstream can penetrate your pure CBD isolate or other CBD substance, making the product more robust and reliable.

      Understanding each base's advantages will help you determine which to use. There are several choices in terms of flavor and weight, but you would generally want to look for fatty and obtained oils from plants or vegetables. To distribute CBD to your nervous system, the following carrier oils are useful.

       

      Coconut oil or fractionated coconut oil is often referred to as MCT oil. It has a host of great uses and qualities that make it stand out from other fats. It has no flavor, which, contrary to most other oils, makes it ideal for tinctures and a very lean body. 

      It is a natural anti-inflammatory, antifungal, and antibacterial agent that makes it a beneficial salve ingredient. MCT oil is known to contain fatty acids is readily absorbed into the body, making it the best alternative for your tincture with CBD Crystal (isolate). One of the most potent CBD carrier oils is also found to be MCT.

      Palm oil is used, much like coconut oil, to produce MCT oil. MCT oil is one of the best CBD carrier oils, but concerns such as pollution, climate change, and animal exploitation are connected with palm oil production. The more natural alternative of coconut oil could be the better option for your CBD products because of this relation.

      This is polyunsaturated fat, making it a less dense substance; in fact, the two most noteworthy characteristics are the thin density and wine-like aroma of grapeseed oil. Owing to its non-greasy quality, this oil is better used in skincare and hair care. To provide a moisturizing effect that helps the CBD provide local relief, CBD Balm uses grapeseed oil and coconut oil.

      Olive oil contains oleic acid, which has anti-inflammatory effects, and antioxidants that protect against free radicals. Olive oil can become a favorite carrier oil for specific tinctures when you consider the fruity flavor.

      Avocados are tasty superfoods that offer nutritious advantages and act as powerful carrier oils, full of good saturated fats. If it has high levels of vitamins A, B, D, and E and skin-nourishing oleic acid, avocado oil provides superior skincare benefits. The cumulative result is a carrier rich in nutrients for CBD topical applications.

      Sunflower oil contains antioxidants and is similar to MCT oil in several respects, making it a perfect substitute for any CBD tincture. It is a precious skincare choice because it is not too greasy and improves new, healthy skin cells.

      Hemp seeds are known as superfoods, like avocados; they are jammed with essential fatty acids and various health benefits. This oil works well with the CBD extracted from the hemp plant, especially in balms and pastes.

      Conclusion

      It is necessary to consider how the ingredients of the ingredients can communicate when selecting a carrier oil for balms and tinctures, whether for a DIY project or a product that you will purchase ready-made.

      It is appropriate and quick to note considerations such as affordability and taste. Still, it is equally important to look at the nutrient content and additional health properties of carrier oils that you can apply to your skin. You can get the most out of your CBD items by understanding the properties of carrier oil and how easily it is absorbed into your skin.

      CBD For PETS: Everything you need to know!

      CBD For PETS: Everything you need to know!

      Did you know that your canine friend possesses the same naturally-occurring endocannabinoid system that humans do?

      In this article, we are going to answer some of the common questions regarding the administration of CBD to pets, as well as take a look at some of the clinical trials that have gone a long way in showing how CBD can help in the treatment of some major illnesses.

      What is CBD?

      CBD or Cannabidiol is part of the cannabinoid family, a class of chemical compounds that is naturally found in the cannabis plant. CBD interacts with the body's endocannabinoid system, which helps the body maintain homeostasis. It is therefore a completely natural, plant-based medicinal extract that has absolutely no intoxicating effects and can work wonders in improving our quality of life and also in the treatment of a number of health conditions.

      How can CBD help your pets?

      The same Endocannabinoid system that is present in human beings exists within all animals and birds, reptiles and fish. Considering the similarity of endocannabinoid receptors in humans and animals, it makes sense that CBD could treat these conditions as effectively in dogs, cats, and other furry or feathery friends. It is a fact that a large number of illnesses in animals are associated with the Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency (CEDC)- a condition that is treatable with cannabidiol (CBD).

      How does CBD work in pets?

      The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is an interconnected chain of receptors that can be found in your dog’s brain, glands, nervous system and organs.

      All mammals rely on the endocannabinoid system to regulate immune response. CBD oil interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in your dog’s body and acts as a natural neuroprotective agent with multiple health benefits. The cannabinoids in the oil open up two-way communication between endocannabinoid receptors to allow the body to either increase or decrease the immune response as needed. CBD oil is the natural way of regulating the system to maintain the perfect balance. The reason CBD seems to help modulate pain is that many dog’s bodies are deficient in cannabinoids. Supplementing with CBD increases cannabinoids in the body and restores the balance to the ECS.

      Is CBD safe for your pets?

      The effects of CBD come from its ability to stimulate the endocannabinoid system, which is involved in the regulation of several bodily functions. This organic system is found in every mammal on earth, meaning that many animals also possess it. This system is something that we share with our pets, and the differences are so minute that the effects of CBD on a human and the effects on an animal are extremely similar.

      The general fear for pet safety when being given CBD is associated with the fact that many people do not understand the key differences between CBD and THC. It is very easy to mix up the two, as they come from the same group of plants and are structurally very similar. At first glance, it would appear as though CBD could have psychoactive effects on your pet, similar to THC. However, this is not the case. The main difference between CBD and THC is that CBD does not have any intoxicating attributes. The feeling that THC gives us that we call a “high” is our body reacting to the psychoactive properties of the compound; and when ingested by pets, these effects can be dangerous or anxiety-inducing. We cannot stress enough on the fact that CBD lacks these psychoactive properties, and our pet tinctures are lab tested to ensure that less than 0.3% THC is included in the final product.

      As is the rule with human consumption of CBD, all of these products are meant to be used in moderation.

      How much CBD oil do I give my pets?

      There is no clear-cut single number that will tell you how much CBD you should be giving your pets. You should follow similar steps like those that you would follow when consuming your own CBD oil. Individual products will provide you with recommended serving sizes and instructions on how to administer their respective juices and oils to your pets. These product specific instructions are meant to set an average serving size for your furry friends.

      Determining a personal serving size with your pets will be a bit more difficult, because your pets cannot simply tell you how the recommended size is affecting them. Even physical indications from your pets may be too subtle to notice, so it is best to determine serving size based on their weight. The amount of CBD that your pet should consume will scale upward with its weight. Bigger, heavier animals will need larger portions of CBD to feel its effects as opposed to smaller, lighter animals.

      A Chihuahua and a Thoroughbred should not be taking the same amount of CBD. Generally, small pets should be given a portion of CBD either equal to or less than the recommended amount, while larger pets can be given portions equal to or larger than it.

      How is CBD administered to animals?

      CBD pet care products come in many of the same forms you're probably used to seeing for humans, including edibles (think: chewable treats and capsules), oils that can be added to food or placed under the tongue and topical creams or balms that are rubbed directly on the skin. CBD for pets mostly comes in the form of edible treats and simple tinctures with flavors that appeal to animals.

      Like the CBD products meant for humans, each of these CBD pet care product types appears to have a different effect on the body of dogs.

      First, consult with your veterinarian in order to ensure that CBD doesn’t interfere with your pet’s current medications or existing health conditions.

      Generally, it’s good to start small, and gradually increase the amount of CBD every week until you see the desired benefits.

      What is the difference between CBD for human consumption and CBD for pets?

      The major difference between your CBD and your pet’s CBD is that a product geared toward pets is going to provide a concentration of CBD more suited to their size and weight. Cannabidiol intake varies from person to person, as well as from animal to animal. One big factor in determining adequate CBD serving size is weight. Someone who weighs more is going to need more CBD in order to feel the same effects as someone who is lighter. Similarly, height can play a part in the effectiveness of CBD on humans and animals. A grandmother and a professional wrestler will be consuming different serving sizes of CBD, and comparisons like this can be made for animals as well. For these reasons, the CBD provided to your pet and the CBD provided to you are of very different concentrations.

      CBD meant for human consumption and CBD meant for animal consumption have much more in common than you may think. The similarities begin at the very point of cultivation; your CBD and your pet’s CBD are extracted from hemp plants in the same fashion. Whether the CBD comes as an isolate or as a broad-spectrum extract, there is no difference at the structural level between the CBD that you and your pet would be consuming. This leads into the second major similarity between the two: the effects. Since the hemp extracts present in the products are cultivated by the same means, and since they affect the same systems in our bodies and those of our pets, the effects that we feel and those that animals feel are very similar.

      Can my pets have my CBD or will it hurt them?

      The answer is a bit complicated. You can consume your pets’ CBD, so long as it does not include any additives specific to animals but not humans. Your pets can consume your CBD, but you have to be very careful not to give them a concentration that’s identical to what you would personally take. Determine the concentration that is most accurate to their weight and height before attempting to give it to them. Try to avoid running into this situation if you can, and simply use a pet-focused CBD product when treating your animal.

      Are there many common side-effects of CBD on pets?

      If you are considering purchasing CBD products for your pets and are uncertain of whether their existing medications will mix favourably with hemp extract, it is recommended that you visit a veterinarian to gain greater clarity.

      We shall now look at some of the common illnesses in dogs, and how clinical trials have proved the efficacy of CBD.

      Epilepsy in Dogs

      Epilepsy refers to a heterogeneous disease that is characterized by the presence of recurrent, unprovoked seizures resulting from an abnormality of the brain. It can be inherited (also known as genetic or idiopathic epilepsy), be caused by structural problems in the brain (also known as structural epilepsy), or stem from an unknown cause.

      Canine Epilepsy is one of the most common causes of recurrent seizures. It is also the most common neurological disorder that is seen in dogs. It has been estimated that epilepsy affects approximately 0.75% of the canine population.

      Unfortunately, the medications used to treat epilepsy, such as phenobarbital, potassium bromide, diazepam, and other anticonvulsant drugs, can cause serious side effects in some dogs. Even with medication, up to 30 percent of dogs with epilepsy continue to experience seizures.

      In order to properly determine an appropriate treatment regimen for canine epilepsy, accurate diagnosis of the type and cause of seizures is needed. Only then, appropriate therapeutic options can be identified. When observing seizures, it is important for dog owners to keep a diary of detailed information that includes:

      1) affected body parts.

      2) when seizures occur.

      3) how often seizures occur

      4) how long they last

      Veterinarians and pet owners should also pay close attention on how their pet dogs behave immediately after a seizure. Although it is noted that some animals will quickly return to normal during the postictal period, others may experience difficulties in standing or moving, blindness, sedation, anxiety or other changes in behaviour. These symptoms may last for varying amounts of time, and can affect treatment choice.

      CBD for Epilepsy Treatment in Dogs

      Clinical trials of CBD were carried out on dogs (n=16) suffering from Epilepsy. This research was carried out in order to learn about the seizure frequency in dogs (client owned) suffering from idiopathic epilepsy. The research took place from 2016 to 2017, and results are published in the June 1 issue of the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.      

      This study was carried out by Dr. Stephanie McGrath, a neurologist at Colorado State University's James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital. She led a small study with 16 pet dogs to assess the short-term effect of CBD on seizure frequency. The study tested CBD on dogs with epilepsy in a controlled research setting.

      Dogs that were enrolled in this clinical trial were randomly assigned to the (CBD) treatment or placed in a placebo group. Those in the treatment group received CBD oil for a period of 12 weeks. All of the dogs in this study were required to stay on standard anticonvulsant drugs, that includes phenobarbital and potassium bromide. The dog’s owners and CSU medical staff did not know if the animal received CBD or a placebo until the study was complete.

      The CBD product used in the study was derived from a hemp plant, which has 0.3 % or a lesser amount of THC. This compound is not considered marijuana and can be used for research purposes based on the 2014 United States Department of Agriculture Farm Bill.

      Findings of the Study

      Based on the research carried out by Dr. McGrath, it was noted that 89 percent of dogs that received CBD during the clinical trials, had a reduction in the frequency of seizures. Nine dogs were treated with CBD, while seven in a control group were treated with a placebo.

      The findings highlight the effects of CBD oil on seizure reduction. In addition, in the group of dogs that received CBD oil, Dr.McGrath found a significant association between the degree of seizure reduction and the amount of CBD concentration in the dog's blood.

      Dr. McGrath says "We saw a correlation between how high the levels of CBD were in these dogs with how great the seizure reduction was," and "It's really exciting that perhaps we can start looking at CBD in the future as an alternative to existing anticonvulsive drugs".

      Journal reference for the Clinical trials of CBD to treat Epilepsy in Dogs:

      Stephanie McGrath, Lisa R. Bartner, Sangeeta Rao, Rebecca A. Packer, Daniel L. Gustafson. Randomized blinded controlled clinical trial to assess the effect of oral cannabidiol administration in addition to conventional antiepileptic treatment on seizure frequency in dogs with intractable idiopathic epilepsy. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 2019; 254 (11): 1301 DOI: 10.2460/javma.254.11.1301

      Citation:

      Colorado State University. (2019, May 21). CBD clinical trial results on seizure frequency in dogs 'encouraging'. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 18, 2020 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190521101450.htm

      Website Link:

      https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190521101450.htm#:~:text=Scientists%20have%20found%20in%20a,the%20words%20used%20by%20Dr.  )

      (Colorado State University: Reduction in Seizures for Dogs with Epilepsy: For 24 weeks, dogs that experience at least two seizures a month received either CBD oil treatment or a placebo. Preliminary results released in July of 2018 showed that 89% of the dogs studied showed a drop in regular seizures.

      CBD for Pain Management in Dogs

      The clinical trials that have been mentioned below, have been concluded and show promising results. However, it is important to note that these are the early stages of research.

      1. Cornell University: Osteoarthritis Pain Reduction in Dogs:  Researchers at Cornell University have found that CBD helped increase the comfort and the activity of dogs suffering from arthritis (According to a study published in July of 2018). This clinical trial suggests that: 2 mg/kg of CBD given twice daily can help increase comfort and activity in dogs with osteoarthritis.
      1. Liberty Leaf: CBD Research Study on Canine Pain Management: This research was carried out in August of 2018. This was a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. This study demonstrated that dogs diagnosed with osteoarthritis that received a daily dose of only 0.3 mg per kg of a CBD-infused oil formulation for 4 weeks showed reduced pain and an improved functional performance.

      CBD for Dogs with Cancer
      Depending on the type of cancer, as well as the stage of progression it is in, a veterinarian or veterinary oncologist (a vet with a specialization in cancer) may recommend a variety of treatment protocols. Surgery to remove tumours, chemotherapy to help shrink them and auxiliary medications to address the side effects of treatment are all common approaches. In some cases, vets will recommend natural supplements such as cannabidiol (CBD).

      (Note: CBD oil alone is not a cure for cancer in dogs.)

      Important Links to Medical Journals

      Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. This is a governmental website Link, 

      https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6065210/

      US Veterinarians' Knowledge, Experience, and Perception Regarding the Use of Cannabidiol for Canine Medical Conditions

      https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338022/

      Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Safety Assessment with Use of CBD-Rich Hemp Nutraceutical in Healthy Dogs and Cats.  This link provides information by scientists from good universities like Uni of Florida, Cornell, etc. 

      https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/10/832/htm